Second Great Awakening and the Age of Reform
This National Endowment for the Humanities lesson builds the connection between religion and social reform in the 19 & 20th centuries.
A religious revival called the Second Great Awakening resulted in thousands of conversions to evangelical religions. In addition to a religious movement, other reform movements such as temperance, abolition, and women's rights also grew in antebellum America. The temperance movement encouraged people to abstain from consuming alcoholic drinks in order to preserve family order. The abolition movement fought to abolish slavery in the U.S. The women's rights movement grew from female abolitionists who realized that they too could fight for their own political rights. In addition to these causes, reforms touched nearly every aspect of daily life, such as restricting the use of tobacco and dietary and dress reforms.