Early Christian Art
http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/early-christian-art.html

WEB RESOURCE In this article by Dr. Allen Farber, the focus is on the nature of early Christian art and how it is affected by the nature of religion in the Roman Empire and the missionary work of Paul to spread Christian ideas beyond the Jewish communities of Palestine to the Greco-Roman world. The article is readable and works of art are embedded to demonstrate the ideas provided.

An Overview of Ancient Egyptian Religion
http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/religion.htm

WEB RESOURCE Written by John Watson this article Egyptian for tourists provides an extensive bibliography and links to a wealth of detailed information. His description argues that behind every aspect of Egyptian life, including the art, the political structure and the cultural achievements, religious forces shaped the fabric of ancient Egypt.

Ancient Egyptian Religion
http://www.king-tut.org.uk/egyptian-mummies/ancient-egyptian-religion.htm

WEB RESOURCE This King Tut site from the United Kingdom focuses on religion and the unique role Tut played in it. Religion of the Ancient Egyptians was extremely important to them and touched every aspect of their life. The religion of Ancient Egypt was a polytheistic religion (with many gods). There was just one short period of monotheism (the worship of one god), during the reign of Akhenaten - who became known as the Heretic Pharaoh.

Ancient Greek and Roman Gods
http://greece.mrdonn.org/greekgods/index.html

RESOURCE This source is for middle school teachers to help student learn about the gods and their religious stories from the ancient Greek and Roman myths.

History of Hinduism
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/hinduism/history/history_1.shtml

WEB RESOURCE This BBC source argues that Hinduism's early history is the subject of much debate for a number of reasons. Firstly, in a strict sense there was no 'Hinduism' before modern times, although the sources of Hindu traditions are very ancient. Secondly, Hinduism is not a single religion but embraces many traditions. Thirdly, Hinduism has no definite starting point. The traditions which flow into Hinduism may go back several thousand years and some practitioners claim that the Hindu revelation is eternal. Although there is an emphasis on personal spirituality, Hinduism's history is closely linked with social and political developments, such as the rise and fall of different kingdoms and empires. The early history of Hinduism is difficult to date and Hindus themselves tend to be more concerned with the substance of a story or text rather than its date.

Edicts of Ashoka
http://www.cs.colostate.edu/~malaiya/ashoka.html

PRIMARY SOURCE This Fordham University primary source site has an introduction describing King Ashoka's edicts and then provides translations of various carvings of them throughout India.

Early Belief Systems: Greece and China
http://www.learner.org/courses/worldhistory/unit_video_5-2.html

WEB VIDEO SEGMENT This Annenberg Learner World History site features discussion of religion beginning with early belief systems including those in ancient Greece and China

Ancient Greek Religious Sanctuaries
http://explorethemed.com/GreekRel.asp?c=1

INTERACTIVE MAP This is a map of the major Greek worship centers from the Historical Atlas of the Mediterranean site.

Internet Sacred Text Archive - Ancient Egypt
http://www.sacred-texts.com/egy/index.htm

SACRED TEXT The civilization of Ancient Egypt lasted longer than the entire span of what we have come to accept as recorded history: over three thousand years. During these millenia the Egyptians developed a multitude of gods and goddesses, as well as esoteric practices whose meaning we are still unraveling. Egypt was the source of the first true monothestic religion, under the pharaoh Akhenaton. This rich tradition was mostly unknown until the early nineteenth century, when the Egyptian language was finally deciphered.

Rome - Mythology
http://carlos.emory.edu/ODYSSEY/ROME/mythology.html

WEB RESOURCE This Odyssey website is a brief overview of ancient Roman religion and links to further information about later periods. Over the centuries, the ancient Romans worshipped many gods and goddesses.People worshipped in public ceremonies as well as in their own homes.

Ancient Greece - Gods, Goddesses and Heroes
http://www.carlos.emory.edu/ODYSSEY/GREECE/home.html

WEB RESOURCE Select Gods and Goddesses from the menu.Here there is brief introductory information on ancient Greek religious ideas.

Tacitus on Christians
http://www.livius.org/cg-cm/christianity/tacitus.html

PRIMARY SOURCE This short section from Tacitus' writings focuses on the burning of the city of Rome in 64 CE and the punishment or persecution of people that resulted. People now known as Christians were blamed for setting the fire by Nero, the Roman Emperor. The commentary gives background and context for the fire and the actions of Roman leaders.

Letters of Pliny the Younger and the Emperor Trajan
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/religion/maps/primary/pliny.html

WEB PRIMARY SOURCE These letters concern an episode which marks the first time the Roman government recognized Christianity as a religion separate from Judaism, and sets a precedent for the massive persecution of Christians that takes place in the second and third centuries. Read the letters to decide what you think was the cause of the persecution.

First Jewish-Roman War 66-73 CE
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Jewish%E2%80%93Roman_War

WEB RESOURCE This Wikipedia article discusses the conflict between the Romans and the Jews from 66-73 CE that led to the burning of the Temple at Jerusalem. This vastly increased the number of Jews leaving Judea as many in Jerusalem lost their property and were sold as slaves. Many who identified themselves as followers of Jesus were part of this diaspora.

The "Era Between The Empires" of Ancient India
http://blogs.utexas.edu/15minutehistory/2013/03/06/episode-15-the-era-between-the-empires-of-ancient-india/

PODCAST Ancient, or Classical, India (300s BC-400s AD) was a seminal period in history. Nearly everything that is associated with classical India, the epics such as the the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, and great temple architecture, came out of this period. Great kings like Asoka left their mark on the classical world. Moreover, this was the period when oral traditions were written down, and the classical Vedic religion began to take on a form that we understand as Hinduism. This University of Texas 15-Minute History podcast features Patrick Olivelle from the Department of Asian Studies.

Early Hinduism
http://www.ancientindia.co.uk/hinduism/story/sto_set.html

WEB RESOURCE This British Museum site provides an animated version of the legend of Narayana's story of creation. Vishnu and other aspects of god are also explored in this early history of Hinduism.

Greco-Roman Religious Beliefs
http://www.religionfacts.com/greco-roman/beliefs.htm

WEB RESOURCE This ReligionFacts site provides an overview of Greek religious beliefs and philosophy including the concepts of fate, the nature of universe, human nature and the purpose of life.

Belief Systems Along the Silk Roads
http://asiasociety.org/belief-systems-along-silk-roads?page=0,0

WEB RESOURCE Religious beliefs of the peoples of the Silk Road changed radically over time and was largely due to the effects of travel and trade on the Silk Road itself. For over two thousand years the Silk Road was a network of roads for the travel and dissemination of religious beliefs across Eurasia.

Buddhism on the Silk Road
http://idp.bl.uk/education/buddhism/index.html

WEB RESOURCE The civilizations that flourished along the Silk Road in the first millennium CE were open to cultural and religious influences from both East and West. Many religions, including Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism, gained new followers. But it was Buddhism, travelling the trade routes of the Silk Road, that became the common factor uniting the different peoples of the Silk Road.

Manichaeism
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manichaeism

WEB RESOURCE This Wikipedia article is a scholarly look at the dualistic religious concept of good and evil that embodied Manichaeism. Primary source and a long list of references are included. Manichaeism taught an elaborate dualistic cosmology describing the struggle between a good, spiritual world of light, and an evil, material world of darkness. Through an ongoing process which takes place in human history, light is gradually removed from the world of matter and returned to the world of light whence it came. Some writers today argue that this religious idea is relevant to understanding the concept of American Exceptionalism.

Mithraism
http://www.religionfacts.com/mithraism

WEB RESOURCE Mithraism is a Roman mystery religion that flourished in the 2nd and 3rd centuries CE. Much is still unknown about this secretive sect, but scholars have generally been able to determine that it involved the worship of the ancient Persian god Mithras in caves, a communal meal and initiation through seven stages of an astrologically-themed hierarchy.

Buddha and Ashoka
https://ca.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/13dc09d0-b37a-4992-be38-65543e3970b0/buddha-and-ashoka-crash-course-world-history-6/#.WWgyfoqQxE4

WEB RESOURCE In this PBS Crash Course in World History, John Green relates a condensed history of India, post-Indus Valley Civilization. John explores Hinduism and the origins of Buddhism. He also gets into the reign of Ashoka, the Buddhist emperor who, in spite of Buddhism's structural disapproval of violence, managed to win many battles.