Industrialization and its consequences 1750-1914 CE

WEB RESOURCE This World History for Us All background essay focuses on the massive changes in societies around the world from 1750-1914. What is usually studied is the Industrial Revolution and its impact but behind that were massive changes in the relative power of science and religion.

Religion: Atlantic Slave Trade and Abolition

WEB RESOURCE The BBC site discusses and provides example of how religion, especially Christianity related to the slave trade and abolition in Great Britain.

British Missionary Letters: Urging the Annexation of The South Sea Islands, 1883

PRIMARY SOURCE This selection shows that some British missionaries in the 19th c. believed that "civilizing" and Christianizing people in conquered lands went hand in hand. British generosity to and support of the people of the South Sea islands through the missions then entitled the British the use of those lands and resources.

Tolerance: Voltaire and the Spirit of the Enlightenment

WEB RESOURCE & LESSON Scroll to the 3rd article in CRF's Bill of Rights in Action. Students read the article about Voltaire and his advocacy for freedom of speech and press and his arguments against superstition, fanaticism, and religious intolerance. They then discuss various issues related to Enlightenment thinking and how they would apply.

Christianity and Colonialism

WEB RESOURCE This Wikipedia article covers a wide span of time and regions in the world where missionaries went to spread Christianity and its values to the indigenous populations. The article shows the positive and negative results of actions of the missionaries.

Religious Fundamentalism and Imperialism in Latin America: Action and Resistance

WEB RESOURCE It is impossible to disconnect religion from the political projects of domination and liberation in Latin America. Since the era of colonization, some movements have used religion to oppress, abuse, and enslave people, while others have used religion to organize and liberate them. Today, the advance of religion and religious rhetoric in institutional politics in Latin America has become a significant trend.

The Philosophy of Colonialism: Civilization, Christianity, and Commerce

WEB RESOURCE As the imperial powers of Europe set their sights on new geographic regions to expand their spheres of influence in the 19th century, Africa emerged as a prime location for colonization due to its wealth of natural resources and purportedly undeveloped economies ripe for exploitation. In reality, European colonization devastated traditional African societies and economies. Christianity was one justification that European powers used to colonize and exploit Africa. Through the dissemination of Christian doctrine, European nations such as Great Britain, France, and the Netherlands sought to educate and reform African culture.