Attitudes Towards Nature in Daoist Art

WEB LESSON This short lesson features some famous Chinese poems that help students understand the difference between how many Westerners view nature versus how many Chinese (particularly Daoists and the literati) felt about and represented the natural world in art and poetry.

China's Great Sage

WEB LESSON What do the sayings attributed to Confucius tell us about the values inherent in Confucianism? In these sayings, what is specific to China and what is universal? Students read, analyze, and paraphrase translations from The Analects as a means of understanding key elements of Confucianism.

Excerpts from Analects for Women

PRIMARY SOURCE LESSON Confucius said little about the roles and expectations of women in society and the family. Latter scholars interpreted the Analects and other writings to set these standards and they became vary influential in the pre-modern era of Chinese society.

Lions, Dragons, and Nian: Animals of the Chinese New Year

WEB LESSON The most important festival in the Chinese calendar is the New Year or Spring Festival. One of the annual events used to commemorate the festival is a colorful parade complete with animated dragon and lion figures. These fantastic creatures manipulated by expert dancers move through city streets and in and out of businesses during the festivities.

What Did Confucius Say?

WEB DBQ LESSON Here are a set of seven document based discussion or writing prompts based on excerpt from from Confucius' Analects. Each has an introduction and a series of questions that lead to analysis of Confucian thinking but also apply to modern issues.

Confucianism and Daoism

WEB LESSON In the 5th century BCE, China was thrown into a period of intense warfare among rival states. This period led to the development of many new philosophies. Two of the most influential of these philosophies were Confucianism and Daoism. In this lesson, students read excerpts from from Confucian and Daoist texts to answer the question: What did ancient Chinese philosophers think was the ideal form of government? MS Stanford History Education Group (access to lessons requires free registration)

Beliefs and Values in Ancient China: Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism

WEB LESSON Students will describe the religious elements, the story, and the meaning of an historical Chinese painting. The students do this through researching and presenting interpretations about the founders, beliefs, and values of Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism.