Baptism
http://www.teachersdomain.org/resource/awr09.socst.world.glob.baptism/

WEB VIDEO & DISCUSSION QUESTIONS This video clip from Religion & Ethics NewsWeekly (free registration required) highlights the baptism ceremony and how it is practiced in different Christian denominations. In the Roman Catholic Church, baptizing infants is essential because it represents the forgiveness of original sin, conversion to the faith and a relationship with God in the afterlife. In Baptist churches, baptism is observed by adults when they are ready to identify as followers of Jesus Christ and profess the faith. The video also shows how the process of baptism varies. Some denominations sprinkle water on worshippers, while others immerse them. A transcript. background essay and discussion questions support the video.

Confirmation
http://www.teachersdomain.org/resource/awr09.socst.world.glob.confirma/

WEB VIDEO & DISCUSSION QUESTIONS This video from Religion & Ethics NewsWeekly (free registration required) examines the religious practice of confirmation in the Roman Catholic Church. During this Catholic Christian sacrament, adolescents accept full membership into the Catholic Church, proclaiming loyalty to the faith and their transformation into morally responsible adults. The rite is executed after participants complete a lengthy period of religious instruction. A transcript. background essay and discussion questions support the video.

Easter: East and West
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/religionandethics/episodes/march-14-2008/easter-east-and-west/3074/

WEB VIDEO This WNET video shows images of church celebrations of Easter in Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Protestant Churches. The narrative explains the meaning and importance of Easter and why the date when it is observed is different in the Eastern and Western calendars.

Fasting in Eastern Orthodox Christianity
http://www-tc.pbs.org/wnet/religionandethics/rss/media/video/episode.1325.orthodox.fasting.m4v

WEB VIDEO This WNET video clip shows religious services related to fasting in the Eastern Orthodox Church. The narrative describes why fasting is a religious practice.

Roman Catholic - Eastern Orthodox Dialogue
http://www.teachersdomain.org/resource/awr09.socst.world.glob.cathortho/

WEB VIDEO This video from Religion & Ethics NewsWeekly shows twenty-first century church leaders from both sides of the Great Schism discussing the errors of the past and laying the groundwork for reconciliation and possible unity in the future. The Great Schism arose in 1054 between the Roman Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church, due to a variety of factors, including differences in politics, doctrine, geography, language and culture. The video is supported by a transcript, background essay, and discussion questions.

Roman Catholic - Eastern Orthodox Dialogue
http://www.teachersdomain.org/resource/awr09.socst.world.glob.cathortho/

WEB VIDEO This video from Religion & Ethics NewsWeekly shows twenty-first century church leaders from both sides of the Great Schism discussing the errors of the past and laying the groundwork for reconciliation and possible unity in the future. The Great Schism arose in 1054 between the Roman Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church, due to a variety of factors, including differences in politics, doctrine, geography, language and culture. The video is supported by a transcript, background essay, and discussion questions.

Pentecostalism
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/subdivisions/pentecostal_1.shtml

WEB RESOURCE This BBC site provides a brief overview of Pentecostalism in Britain and the basic beliefs and practices of this fast growing denomination of Christianity.

In the Footsteps of Paul
http://www.pbs.org/teachers/connect/resources/3669/preview/

VIDEO & WEB RESOURCE This PBS website fits in the last CA H-SS unit of grade 6 and the first unit in 7th grade on the spread of Christianity. The website has valuable maps and timelines. The video may be purchased for classroom use. The online material is also excellent.

What You Will See Inside a Catholic Church by Michael Keane

CHILDREN'S BOOK Author Keane, who is a Catholic priest, guides readers on a tour of a Catholic church, explaining traditions, ceremonies, and forms of worship that take in different parts of the structure. Beginning with the altar, photos and short descriptions feature stained glass windows, church music, and the stations of the Cross. Religious celebrations that take place in the church at Christmas and Easter are featured. To support the photos of the religious artifacts and structures inside the church Keane provides information about their spiritual function in Catholicism and how they are used in worship. Skylight Paths Pub, 2002. Elem. - MS

Guide to Early Church Documents
http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/christian-history.html#Agustine

PRIMARY SOURCES This online documents library features copies of early Christian creeds and canons.

From Jesus to Christ: The First Christians
http://www.pbs.org/teachers/connect/resources/3669/preview/

WEB VIDEO This FRONTLINE series is an intellectual and visual guide to the new and controversial historical evidence which challenges familiar assumptions about the life of Jesus and the epic rise of Christianity. This site is anchored by the testimony of New Testament theologians, archaeologists and historians who serve as both critics and storytellers. They address dozens of key issues, disagreements and critical problems relating to Jesus' life and the evolution of Christianity.

Birth and Rise of the Christian Church
http://jaysromanhistory.com/romeweb/christns/christns.htm

WEB RESOURCE Written by Jay King of San Jose State University, this site has a whole section of brief articles about early Christians and the Roman Empire.

Christianity and the Roman Empire
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/romans/christianityromanempire_article_01.shtml

WEB RESOURCE This site by Sophie Lunn-Rockliffe, Lecturer in Roman History at King's College, London, focuses on the early Roman Empire. In the space of a few hundred years, a small, often brutally persecuted cult rose to become the dominant religion of the West. How did it happen? Lunn-Rockliffe argues that the story of Christianity‚??s rise to prominence is a remarkable one, but the traditional story of its progression from a tiny, persecuted religion to the established religion in the medieval West needs some debunking.

History of Coptic Christianity: Rich Traditions Dating to the First Century
http://christianity.about.com/od/Coptic-Orthodoxy/a/JZ-Coptic-Christianity-History.htm

WEB RESOURCE This About.com site written by Jack Zavada provides a brief but clear description of the Coptic Christian faith and church that by tradition dates from 55 AD

Church Fathers
http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/history/church_fathers.htm

WEB RESOURCE This ReligionFacts article focuses on the Christian writers and theologians of the first eight centuries of the Christian church, especially from the period of development up to 451 AD. The church fathers formulated nearly all of the Christian doctrine that is accepted by Christians today.

Rise of Christianity
http://explorethemed.com/Christian.asp?c=1

WEB RESOURCE Here are maps and background information about the spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire.

Internet Sacred Text Archive - Christianity
http://www.sacred-texts.com/chr/index.htm

SACRED TEXT This Sacred Text Archive site has many examples of Biblical scriptures, Gnostic writings, documents from the early Christian period, from Eastern Christainity, and the medieval, Renaissance and Reformation periods.

Turkey's Early Christian Roots
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/religionandethics/week1021/cover.html

WEB RESOURCE This Religion and Ethics explores extensive ruins from Christian antiquity in the predominantly Muslim nation of Turkey. Several books of the New Testament were written in and to communities in what is now Turkey, and many foundational Christian doctrines were established there.

Spread of Early Christianity in Europe, Asia, and Africa
http://www2.div.ed.ac.uk/courses/Animated_Maps/divinity_map/textonly.html

WEB RESOURCE - MAPS This is a set of 5 maps that shows the spread of early Christianity from the 33 CE death of Jesus until the 406 CE German invasions of Europe.

Unitarianism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unitarianism

WEB RESOURCE Though Wikipedia articles are sometimes wanting is a research base, this article is well written and referenced and is by a number of religious studies scholars. It describes the alternate view held by many Unitarians to the traditional Christian Trinitarianism.

Global Christianity: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Christian Population
http://www.pewforum.org/Christian/Global-Christianity-exec.aspx

WEB RESOURCE This PEW Forum on Religion and Public Life provides a comprehensive demographic study of more than 200 countries finds that there are 2.18 billion Christians widely distributed around the world, representing nearly a third of the estimated 2010 global population of 6.9 billion.

LDS Mission Network
http://www.mission.net/

WEB RESOURCE This site from the worldwide Latter Day Saints Church list the current global mission activity. It also provides insight into the mission work of young people by providing a definition and description of mission work, the Mission Training Center, and the list of clothing and supplies they should bring.

Celibacy in the Priesthood
http://video.pbs.org/video/2262044614

WEB VIDEO This Religion & Ethic NewsWeekly episode examines the concept of the Catholic priesthood and celibacy. As American Catholics have reeled from the disclosures of past sexual abuses by priests, and evidence they were covered up, one of the questions raised has concerned priestly celibacy - abstinence from sex. Was that requirement a cause of the abuses? Is it necessary for dedicated ministry? Should it be made optional?

World's Biggest Congregation
http://video.pbs.org/video/2190525193

WEB VIDEO Every Sunday, more than 20,000 worshipers attend each of seven services at the Yoido Full Gospel Church, a Pentecostal church in Seoul, South Korea. Hundreds of thousands of others watch on TV or from satellite branches. Why are they so successful and what do they do that attracts so many people to the world's largest church congregation with over 800,000 members. What do they preach and how do they organize the work and manage so many people?

Mormon Beliefs
http://www.religionfacts.com/mormonism/beliefs

WEB RESOURCE This "religion Facts" summary argues that though many adherents consider themselves Christian, their beliefs are significantly different from those of Orthodox, Protestant or Catholic Christians.

13 Articles of the Mormon Faith
http://www.religionfacts.com/thirteen-articles-mormonism

WEB RESOURCE Basic Mormon beliefs are expressed in their Thirteen Articles of Faith. These were listed by Joseph Smith, the founder of Mormonism when he was asked about the basic beliefs and doctrines of the Latter-Day Saints Church. Some of the doctrines listed are unique to LDS thought, while others are shared with Christian denominations.

The Mormons
http://www.pbs.org/mormons/

VIDEO & TEACHER MATERIALS This 4-hour Frontline program may be watched online or purchased. It has two parts and is supported by a transcript so teachers may select portions of the film to use with students. Also embedded are resources to support teaching of Mormon history and the geography of their migration. Also included are interviews, Q & A about Mormon beliefs, and more.