Confucianism & Ancient Philosophies

POWERPOINTS Here is a set of PowerPoints that can be adapted by teachers to support their presentations for students of various ages on Confucianism, Taoism, and Legalism.

Religion and Philosophy in China

WEB RESOURCE This is a set of pages describing various, mostly secular, Chinese beliefs systems.


WEB RESOURCE This ReligionFacts site focuses on Confucianism as a way of life taught by Confucius in the 6th-5th century BC. Confucianism is best understood as an all-encompassing humanism that neither denies nor slights Heaven. It has been followed by the Chinese for more than two millennia. It has deeply influenced spiritual and political life in China and its influence has extended to Korea, Japan, and Vietnam.

Sacred Text Archive - Confucianism

SACRED TEXT Here are key texts of Confucianism, the traditional state religion of feudal China. Although three of four of these books are traditionally attributed to Confucius, 551-479 B.C.E. it has been established that he did not write a single word of them; they were written down by his students after his death. The Analects come closest to an actual exposition of his philosophy. These works were put into their present form by Chu Hsi in the late twelfth century C.E. These four books were required reading in order to pass the civil service examinations, which were the gateway to employment in the Imperial bureaucracy.

Thousand Peaks, A - Poems from China by Siyu Liu and Orel Protopopescu

BOOK This book is a collection of translated "shi" poems which is a longstanding Chinese writing form that began in the Han dynasty. The poems are grouped so that they might be used in a classroom to understand Chinese cultural values derived from traditional religions such as Confucianism and Daoism.

Religion Library: Confucianism

WEB RESOURCE Some say Confucianism is not a religion, since there are no Confucian deities and no teachings about the afterlife. Confucius himself was a staunch supporter of ritual, however, and for many centuries there were state rituals associated with Confucianism. Most importantly, the Confucian tradition was instrumental in shaping Chinese social relationships and moral thought. Thus even without deities and a vision of salvation, Confucianism plays much the same role as religion does in other cultural contexts. This Patheos site provides information about the origins, history, beliefs, rituals, and ethics of Confucianism

Major Philosophies of China: Confucianism, Legalism, Taoism,include%20The%20Analects%2C%20the%20Mencius%2C%20and%20the%20Xunzi.

WEB RESOURCE This brief resource includes the basic ideas and social impact of Confucianism, Legalism, and Taoism on Chinese society. It includes the leaders and a descriptor of each philosophy.

Three Chinese Philosophies

WEB SLIDES The organizing question of the slide group is "How do belief systems compel people to behave and inform how they are governed?" It focuses on the early history of China but could be used to analyze the actions of modern China's government and the public's response. There a many excellent discussion questions included on the slide presentation.